WHAT CAUSES IT?
A meniscal tear can occur during sport when the knee is flexed then twisted.
Degeneration of the meniscus can also occur.
WHAT IS IT? MENISCAL TEARS
Menisci protect the cartilage within your knee. There is a medial meniscus and a lateral meniscus. The medial meniscus is more prone to injury because it is fixed to the capsule within the knee joint.
The role of the meniscus is to act as a shock absorber, protect the underlying cartilage, and provide stability for the knee.
Signs and symptoms
- Feeling of tearing at time of injury
- Loss of bending and straightening movements of knee
- Tender joint line
- Aggravated by squatting
HOW TO SELF MANAGE
Depending on the severity, a meniscal tear can be managed conservatively or arthroscopically.
An assessment by your physiotherapist is recommended to gain assessment and possible referral if required.
An MRI or arthroscopic investigation can determine the severity of your tear.
Return to sport following a minor tear may be possible after 4-6 weeks
A more severe tear, where clunking and locking is present, range of movement is not improving, and other damage is apparent, will require surgery.
HOW PHYSIO HELPS?
- Assess your knee for meniscal damage
- Reduce pain and swelling with massage and electrotherapy
- Prescribe a program to improve quadriceps control
- Increase the strength of hip and knee muscles to improve overall knee stability
- Increase proprioception to reduce the risk of re-injury
- Progress your rehabilitation for return to daily activities and sport
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